Jul 142014

Business operations are often full of a lot of selections and challenges that must be built. Many owners discover that trying to form through all of the specifications which are required to target over a daily base is not significantly more easy to complete than actually predicted while missing capabilities and period. Anybody dedicated to this process should be aware of what to consider when selecting the cloud services Brisbane assistance service that is proper to manage this part of their procedures.

IT assistance vendors offer pros and the resources which might be essential to guarantee all technologies are administered and supervised. Owners usually are centered on this sort of company when looking to avoid the must hire a worker and are however reliant on effective engineering systems. Choices are often very difficult for entrepreneurs to make among the numerous alternatives.

Advantage of online printer support

Aug 23, 20130

Ads by Google
Depositphotos Coupon 15% off Coupon – Subscription Use promo code DS9938839 depositphotos.com/PromoCode
Enterprise Integration EI service desk SDI Robotics www.entint.com
Online Forex Trading Make profit within 5 minutes! Get bonus 30% for each deposit www.instaforex.com
Secrets of IT Consulting Becoming an IT Consultant Consulting advice, tips & tricks www.softxsystems.com
Chat, Penpals & Dating Serious Men Seek Filipino Ladies For Dating and Marriage. Join Free asiandating.com/Filipino
Technical help are not just for those that are new to Pcs. Regardless of the fact that you recently require some additional aid discovering a driver, modifying working frameworks or improving information, the live help alternatives could be the ideal result.

HP Technical Support-Solution for a Better World
If you’re a prepared expert, it’s quite likely that you’ll experience issues you just can’t understand. You’ll run across machine security issues or programming establishment issues, and nothing is more disturbing than searching for that printer driver that you have to interface your workstation. These workstation issues could be amazingly prolonged and expensive. Provided that you attempt to evacuate an infection or don’t fittingly uproot a security danger, you can cause unsalvageable damage to your hard drive. This is the reason to contact hp helpline might be an advantageous.

Generally E-Support offer an agreement that will permit you to pay a solitary expense and after that right to gain entrance the client underpin at whatever point you’d like for the length of time of the agreement time. The online support choices for the most part incorporate message, talk and phone administrations. The most well-known alternative is the talks emphasize choice.

When you utilize this visit emphasize with a technician, it can turn into a remote access running equipment and a client admin agent can access your PC and fix whatever issue is disturbing you.

This remote access administration device could be threatening to somebody who has never utilized one. It is an exceptionally essential and safe process. After the talk is launched and the window is opened, an agent will inquire as to whether he or she can access your machine. The window presentation will permit you to allow access or deny access. After you click acknowledge, the online client administration agent can access your workstation and control it as though he or she were sitting before the screen.

There are some well being characteristics included with this procedure to help secure yourself. The primary characteristic is that you can view everything the backing agent is doing. You’ll have the ability to see everything being instated and all the records that are almost always saw. Nothing will be stowed away. The second well being measure is that you can stop the delegate’s control at whenever. You can piece him or her from seeing your workstation, introducing any projects or performing any undertakings on your machine. An alternate added profit to this administration is that since you’ll have the capacity to view all assignments performed, you may be fit to take care of the issue yourself next time an issue comes up.

The remote access administration instruments to call hp printer support will permit you to have your specialized issues and different issues settled with almost no exertion on your part. This is a standout amongst the best instruments accessible for those looking for technical help.

source: http://www.articlesbase.com/computers-articles/advantage-of-online-printer-support-6732325.html

Homeowners which can be centered on this option are often overrun with all that’s offered to them. Sorting through the related procedures and wanting to make the decision that is best is usually struggling to be finished without guidance. When several facets are reviewed the choice that was right is accomplished.

The particular needs of the business should be the many preliminary factor to ponder in. Each enterprise is very unique in relation to what they require why such warning is positioned on knowledge what’s really offered from the provider that will be generally,. Several specialists offer detailed listings of the solutions to guarantee their consumers can make an informed decision.

Centering on the structure of the kind of guidance supplied from the service can also be vital. Several pros are from the provision of service that was online while others on the job with their customers and are not inverse. Both sorts of oversight are not unable to present identical results and really should be weighed from the tastes of the master and needs of the business.

Healing and safety alternatives presented from the service also needs to be centered on. Files and files are considerably more exposed to damage and hazards than several corporations comprehend which may create a distinctive starting of issues to defeat. Acquiring firms designed with prevention and restoration tactics avoids this matter from occurring completely.

Affordable rates should be offered by any IT support service being regarded. Paying for any work that is visiting is usually quite difficult for almost any organization to manage. The cheapest monthly charges to find the best answers are in making certain direction is offered in a inexpensive fashion quite helpful.

Jul 142014

In attempting to keep their businesses properly handled constantly entrepreneurs are proven to experience many challenges,. Many of the troubles confronted within this process are based on the requirement to have different sectors supervised which can be far when additional conditions are asked beyond their skillsets and moment degrees which can be. Anybody should know on when selecting the cloud solutions support company that is correct what things to concentrate.

IT assistance vendors offer the instruments and specialists which might be essential to guarantee all technologies are administered and overseen. Owners are usually centered on this kind of firm when wanting to steer clear of the need to retain a member of staff and therefore are still dependent on efficient engineering techniques. Choices usually are not very easy for entrepreneurs to make among the numerous options.

RHUB Web Conferencing & Remote Support Appliance V 4.0

Oct 22, 20090

Ads by Google
Cheapest Stock Photos Professional Photos from $0.15. Low Regular Prices. depositphotos.com/Cheapest
Enterprise Integration EI service desk SDI Robotics www.entint.com
Secrets of IT Consulting Becoming an IT Consultant Consulting advice, tips & tricks www.softxsystems.com
Online Forex Trading Make profit within 5 minutes! Get bonus 30% for each deposit www.instaforex.com
Chat Singles from USA, UK Free to all Single Filipina Ladies Seeking Friend or Partner. Join now www.cebuanas.com
In today’s global economy the demand for a fast and easy to use Web Conferencing solution has never been greater. As a result, RHUB has responded and developed their TurboMeeting Version 4.0 web conferencing and remote support appliance. Version 4.0 was recently released with some of the most exciting upgrades to date. Some of the upgrades include remote printing, LDAP integration for enterprise models only, video broadcast, and flash-based view-only client with faster and reliable view-only experience with no download of any kind.

Web Conferencing Supports The Green Issues
Mikogo Releases Cross-Platform Remote Support Software
On premise web conferencing solution vs hosted solutions
Evaluating Your Web Conferencing Strategy’s Success
Version 4.0 supports 200+ attendees in one meeting room and has improved recording with better reliability as well as smoother fast-forward and reverse. You will find that the speed of your meeting is faster because of improved compression algorithms. File transfer for remote support and remote access will also be faster and easier to do.

TurboMeeting Version 4.0 by RHUB appliance still offers remote support for PC and Mac users and includes an upgrade to view-only function for a Mac presenter. This is the only appliance that offers a patent pending Universal Attendance technology that provides support sessions by using a browser on any platform including Windows, Windows Mobile, Mac, iPhone, Unix and Linux. You can remotely access computers at home or in the office from anywhere, anytime.

Your web-based meetings are still secure because it runs behind your own corporate firewall. In addition, this easy to use on-premise plug and play appliance allows you to truly own and control your web conferencing technology without the need for additional IT resources. You can use TurboMeeting for web conferencing, webinars, remote support and remote access without requiring participants to download and install software.

source: http://www.articlesbase.com/information-technology-articles/rhub-web-conferencing-remote-support-appliance-v-40-1368302.html

Entrepreneurs which can be dedicated to this option in many cases are overrun with all that’s wanted to them. Searching through the related functions and trying to make the choice that is right is not normally able to be done without direction. The choice that was right is finished when several aspects are evaluated.

The specific needs of the business should have the most preliminary focus in this approach. Each organization is exclusive regarding the things they require assist with as well as the forms of programs they employ which will be usually why warning is put on narrowing along their alternatives. Corresponding organization in what exists from your provider centered needs, creates the most truly effective service software.

Centering on the format of assistance provided in the provider’s type can also be crucial. Many experts are linked to the provision of help that was online while some practical using their customers and are direct. Both kinds of error are not unable to give related outcomes and really should be assessed against needs of the business and the owner’s preferences.

Homeowners also often focus seriously on guaranteeing their supplier has retrieval capabilities. Burglary and the loss of files is quite widespread and can cause a significant amount of dangers for the enterprise to conquer. Persons generally realize that this proficiency is very useful in making sure that all problems are effectively solved when existing.

An support company must merely be viewed if they’re affordable. The costs paid for this sort of support can be quite complicated when contemplating around the clock guidance. Volume and minimal monthly expenses must be centered on of making sure the top steering feasible is really acquired as part,.

Jun 232014

Some men and women don’t have very nice things to say about attorneys, it’s essential to remember that lawyers can be a need to on earth. Unless you need one particular on your own afterwards, you need to nevertheless read more about attorneys even. The following tips will assist you with your decision and in knowing what is the immigration law in the United States.

Attorneys can handle your issue.

This may be a scam exactly where legal professionals are simply seeking funds. Do mindful analysis and make a lawyer who can work on phrases you define.

Setting Up a New Company in US: Choosing Between L1 or E Visa
Print This Article
Discuss This Topic
Create News Alerts
Setting up a new business can be quite exciting. But there are also many challenges. In-depth market research and planning can minimize the risks. Foreign nationals setting up new business in US face another challenge – which visa do they use to be able to enter the US to operate the business once it has been established?

Generally L1 visas are used to set-up a new entity in US when it is a subsidiary, parent, branch, or affiliate of an overseas company. However, foreign nationals from countries with certain treatiers with the US have the choice of using E1, E2 or L1 visa for establishing a new company in US.

Let us first look at the situations under which each of these visa options can be used for setting up a new company in

E-1 visa:

The E-1 treaty trader visa allows nationals of an E-1 treaty nation to enter the U.S. and carry out substantial trade. Trade means the international exchange of goods, services and technology. The item of trade, and title of that item, must pass from one party to the other in exchange for consideration. The international trade between your home country and the U.S. must be ‘substantial’ in the sense that there is a sizable and continuing volume of trade. More than 50 per cent of the international trade involved must be between the U.S. and your home country.

E-2 visa:

The E-2 treaty investor visa allows foreign entrepreneurs from E-2 treaty nations to enter into the U.S. for the purpose of directing and developing the operations of an enterprise they have invested in, or are in the process of investing, a substantial amount of capital. Investment activities include purchase of a new business. The investment must be significantly proportional to the total investment, that is, usually more than half the total value of the enterprise or, if a new business, an amount normally considered necessary to establish the business.

L-1 visa:

The L-1 intracompany transfer visa allows foreign nationals to enter the U.S. to open a new office in the U.S. of a foreign corporation, provided that premises for the U.S. office have been secured and money has been invested in or set aside for operation of the business. To qualify for an L-1 visa, the applicant must be an executive, a manager or an employee with specialized knowledge of the company’s business and its products and services, and the employee must have worked for the company overseas for one year in the three years before applying for the L-1 visa. Further, a qualifying relationship (such as parent-subsidiary, branch or affiliate) must exist between the foreign and the U.S. business entities.

Franklin, a national of the UK, a country that US has long had a Treaty of Commerce, Navigation and Friendship, has been in the construction business with his father for several years. He has been watching the building boom take off in the US and thinks now would be a good time to get into business there. His father agrees and they start looking at the options. Atlanta, GA seems to be doing well so Franklin takes a trip to check it out. His report back to his father is encouraging so they begin working on setting up a company in the US. It is decided that Franklin will come to the US to get the company up and running, and then direct the operations of the company. What visa options does Franklin have?

Vijay owns a very successful hotel in Hyderabad, India. He wants to open a long term residence hotel in California catering to Indian nationals on short term assignments in the US. He thinks that he can capitalize on the cultural aspect and do a very good business. Vijay thinks he will have to invest about $400,000 in the US to get the hotel started. What options are available to Vijay?

We’ll come back to Franklin and Vijay at the end of the article to see what they decide.

Factors governing the choice of appropriate visa

Following are the basic issues that determine the choice of the most suitable visa category to set-up a new office in the United States:

1. Country of nationality

E-1 or E-2 visas can be used only if a treaty of commerce and navigation or a bilateral investment treaty exists between the U.S. and the country of nationality of the foreign company or investor. If the foreign national does not belong to a treaty country, the choice is generally limited to L-1 visa.

2. Nature of business

E-1 visa can be used by foreign entities not having a substantial investment in the U.S. but having a substantial trade with the U.S. The substantiality of trade is determined by the volume of trade, number of transactions and the recurrence of these transactions. E-2 visa can be used to set-up an entity in the U.S. if the investment involved is substantial. L-1 visa does not have the requirement of substantial investment in the U.S. It can be used for any venture by international companies to set-up a branch, subsidiary or affiliate company in the U.S.

3. Employment with foreign entity

To qualify for an L-1 visa the applicant must be an executive, manager or a specialized knowledge employee who has been an employee of the foreign company for at least one continuous year within the last three years. There is no such requirement for E-1 or E-2 visas. A treaty national with no foreign employer intending to make an investment or set up a business entity in the U.S. does not have much of a choice other than the E visa, if the rest of the conditions are satisfied.

4. Qualifying relationship

The L-1 visa can be used to transfer an employee of a foreign entity to set-up, manage or work for a related organization in the U.S. The qualifying relationship may be in the form of a parent, subsidiary, branch or an affiliate company. For using E-1 or E-2 visa, the company or the individual engaging in trade or investment in the U.S. must have the same nationality as the treaty country.

5. Processing Authority

E visa applications are generally filed with the embassy or consulate in the home country of the applicant. Once the consulate registers the trading or investing enterprise for E visa purposes, the treaty national may apply for a visa to enter the U.S. On the other hand, L-1 visa is a two-step process. A petition is first filed with the appropriate Service Center of the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). Once the petition is approved the applicant can apply for a visa at the consulate abroad. An applicant who changes to E status in the U.S. by filing a petition with the USCIS may still have to repeat the entire application process at the consulate the first time he departs the U.S. An applicant changing status to L-1 in the U.S. needs to only obtain an L-1 visa stamp in his passport to reenter after he departs the U.S.

6. Processing Time

Even though E visa petitions are processed directly at the embassy or consulate, the adjudication is complex and time consuming, and may take several weeks depending upon the consulate. Generally it takes two to three months for most of the consulates to adjudicate an E visa application, with practically no provision of expediting the process. An L-1 visa petition generally takes several weeks to process at the USCIS Service Centers; however, the processing time can be reduced to two weeks by utilizing the premium processing service.

7. Period of Initial Employment

E-1 or E-2 visa may be granted initially for a period of two years whereas an L-1 for a new company is granted initially for a period of one year. After the expiry of the first year on L-1 status, the applicant has to show that the new U.S. company has been doing business during the past year, and continues to require the services of the applicant as a manager, executive or an employee with specialized knowledge. Companies that anticipate a “slower start” to get established in the U.S. may use E visa option that gives them a two year initial period to set-up their operations.

8. Limit on Employment

An E-1 or E-2 visa can be extended indefinitely for up to two years at a time provided that the stay of the applicant remains temporary. An applicant in L-1 status in the U.S., however, cannot extend his/her L-1 stay beyond a period of 5 years (for specialized knowledge employees) or 7 years (for managers or executives). Once the employee has spent one full year outside the U.S. they can start their time in L-1 status again.

9. Intention of obtaining a Green Card

The L-1 may be the best route in cases where the intention of the applicant is to ultimately apply for a green card during his/her stay in the U.S. An L-1 visa holder may pursue permanent residency and still maintain L-1 status and apply for extension of stay. This may not be possible for E-1/E-2 nonimmigrants. E-1 and E-2 visas, though they can be extended for an indefinite period of time, still require the applicant to maintain nonimmigrant intent. Starting the permanent residency process may affect the applicant’s ability to maintain or extend E-1 or E-2 status; however the USCIS and the consular officers generally will accept the statement of the applicant with respect to his or her nonimmigrant intent.

10. Evidentiary requirements

An E-1 or E-2 visa application entails complex evidentiary requirements as the applicant needs to prove the substantiality of trade between the U.S. and the treaty nation, or the substantiality of investment in the U.S. Further, since E visa applications are generally adjudicated at the consulate, no formal appeal or recourse to administrative or judicial review in the U.S. is available for adverse decisions of the consulate. L-1 visa applications for a start-up enterprise require evidence related to the business and revenues of the foreign entity; the qualifying relationship between the foreign and the U.S. entity; and a detailed business plan explaining the potential of the new entity and its capability to meet business expenses, including the staffing requirements. However, a decision made by a USCIS Service Center can be reconsidered at various stages by the administrative and judicial machinery within the United States.

Case Scenario revisited:

Franklin has 2 options available to him. He can use either the L1A if the company is established as a branch, parent, subsidiary, or affiliate of the company in the UK. He has worked in management for over 1 years so he meets the basic requirements. The US and the UK have a qualifying treaty so an E2 would also be an option. To set up the construction company they will have to invest a significant amount of capital, and they will be hiring a number of employees once the company is winning contracts. Franklin and his father decide the E2 is the best option for them – it gives them longer to build the company to the level needed to support an executive.

Vijay only has the L1 option available to him because the US does not have a qualifying treaty with India. However, he is not concerned because his business plan is solid and he expects to have his residence hotel to the point where is will need his full time attention within one year. He is now looking for a competent manager to take over the operation of the hotel in Hyderabad.


Finding your feet in a foreign land can be quite challenging, often difficult. As noted above, nationals or enterprises from treaty countries have an advantage of choosing between E and L visa categories for setting up a new entity in the United States. And when different options are available, it is important to make a strategic, well-reasoned selection. Since your new U.S. entity may be a realization of your dreams, it becomes all the more important to entrust the process to or seek the advice of experienced professionals who can guide you through the entire process.

VisaPro offers multiple services across multiple locations and is able to work with you regardless of your physical location. VisaPro gives the right tools to companies expanding their operations into the United States. Our ability to deliver fast, easy and economical service has helped VisaPro build a well-earned reputation of trust and efficiency within the business immigration community.

In case you are deliberating over setting up a new business venture in the U.S. or wish to enter the U.S. to invest in, manage or work for an existing business enterprise, please contact us.

source: http://www.visapro.com/Immigration-Articles/?a=361&z=48

Only cope with legal professionals that you’re capable of have confidence in. This is especially vital if you want a lawyer to manage enterprise or specialist attorney. They could request a retainer or permission to indication inspections for your benefit.Remember that employing the wrong enterprise lawyer can kitchen sink you might be putting your financial daily life with their hands. You have to be cognizant of your own properly-getting.

Request each legal professional you meet with. Once you consult with the lawyer on the telephone or in man or woman, they need to be in a position and happy to answer the queries you may ask them.They are accountable for allowing you to feel relaxed with them. If you are not confident with a certain legal representative, you must move ahead and interview one more attorney.

You should communicate with your legal representative.When you have work deadlines in relation to your situation, ensure you give it for them. This will aid the possibilities of your scenario.

Talk to men and women you believe in about locating a excellent legal professional. This helps you and also decreases your job.

If your circumstance has certain work deadlines, then you have to provide your lawyer with nearly anything that is needed, you must talk with your lawyer.. This will give you the probability of your scenario.

This can cost-free you skepticism around what expenses will be and permit you to concentrate on the price engaged. This really helps to type out your finances also.

Keep a record of once you have using the lawyer. Jot down any essential information like efforts and particular date, whenever you talked to one another, and what you discussed. This helps you if you will find any payment or another problems later on.

If it needs a long time period for your personal info to get relayed on the legal professional, this could be a touch regarding how you will end up dealt with being a consumer.

Prior to getting her or him, generally talk with a legal professional one on one. Hiring legal counsel without having getting together with then first can be a failure. When you can work nicely collectively, conference initially will truly tell you determine.

It’s essential to get a great legal professional to handle your case in legal is important. Be sure to choose one using the recommendations earlier mentioned. Getting the completely wrong lawyer or attorney is only going to make is important more serious, so you want to make a good choice.

Jun 232014

At A Lower Price

It could sense perplexing and a little overwhelming when searching for an excellent attorney. With the amount of to choose from, how will you determine which types are reliable? This post is filled up with ideas on Visa e-2 that may simplify your quest for a excellent legal representative.

Think of what your trouble really is prior to seeking a legal representative.The first thing to request is whether you really call for a attorney. If you’re in the divorce, by way of example, real-estate or criminal, have a legal action coming or.

H-1B vs L-1: Which One is Best?
Print This Article
Discuss This Topic
Create News Alerts
Martin is an HR manager at a multinational company in the U.S. His company recently identified a Business Analyst who they wanted to hire. The candidate was from South Korea and was in the U.S. in H-1B status. Martin was asked to check for and fulfill any visa formalities. The foreign national had worked with one of the company’s affiliates in Hong Kong for about 18 months before moving to U.S. on an H-1B for a different company. He was now looking for a change and Martin’s company was eager to bring him back onto their rolls.

Key Points

1. The H-1B and L-1 visa category are popular options for many types of professionals coming to the U.S. to work.

2. While both the H-1B and the L-1 are nonimmigrant work visa categories, their features and requirements vastly differ.

3. In determining the best visa option, needs of the employer as well as the background of the beneficiary are important considerations.
When Martin made enquiries with his peers to identify a suitable visa category in this situation, he came across the H-1B and L-1 visa categories. While some suggested an H-1B transfer for a quicker process, a few others suggested the L-1 to avoid prevailing wage requirements. This left Martin confused and wondering how the H-1B and L-1 visa categories really differed?

So, what are the major differences between the H-1B and the L-1 visa categories? What must one consider when evaluating which of the two are more suitable in a given situation?

Both the H-1B and L-1 visa categories are nonimmigrant work visa categories and, like most other nonimmigrant visa categories, allows dependents to come to the U.S. in a dependent visa category. Unlike many other work visa categories, both the H-1B and L-1 visa categories have maximum specified periods of stay. Let us first take a brief look at the H-1B and L-1 visa categories and then try to understand the differences between them.

Both the H-1B and the L-1 visa categories support the notion of ‘Dual Intent’ meaning a foreign national can enter and remain in the U.S. lawfully on an H-1B or L-1 visa category even while having immigrant intent and/or not actually maintaining a foreign residence at the same time.
H-1B Visa

The H-1B visa category allows U.S. employers to employ a foreign professional to work in a “specialty occupation” for period of up to six years.

L-1A Visa

The L-1A intra-company transferee visa is available to employees of international companies who are being transferred to a parent, branch, affiliate or subsidiary in the U.S. in an executive or managerial capacity.

L-1B Visa

The L-1B intra-company transferee visa is available to employees of international companies who are being transferred to a parent, branch, affiliate or subsidiary in the U.S. because he or she has Specialized Knowledge.

To clearly delineate the essential differences between the H-1B and L-1A/L-1B visa categories, we have created this easy to follow chart.

H-1B vs L-1: The 15 Essential Differences

Description H-1B L-1A L-1B
Foreign National’s Educational Qualification The foreign national must have at least a bachelor’s degree or its equivalent. There are no minimum educational requirements prescribed for L-1A visa. There are no minimum educational requirements prescribed for L-1B visa. However, USCIS may, in certain circumstances, question whether a candidate actually possesses “Specialized Knowledge” without possessing a certain degree.
Foreign National’s Prior Work Experience
There is no minimum work experience requirement prescribed for the H-1B visa.

Note: The USCIS may accept three years of qualifying work experience for each year of missing university education while evaluating the equivalence to a four-year bachelor’s degree.

The foreign national must have worked in a related company outside the U.S. for at least one year in the three years preceding his/her entry into the U.S. The foreign national must have worked in a related company outside the U.S. for at least one year in the three years preceding his/her entry into the U.S.
Requirements for U.S. Position
A bachelor’s degree or higher or its equivalent must normally be the minimum requirement for entry into the position.

The position offered in the U.S. must be as a manager or executive. The position offered in the U.S. must require a person with specialized knowledge.
Foreign Company Requirement
The U.S. employer is not required to be related to any company outside the U.S.

A related foreign company, which employed the foreign national outside the U.S. prior to admission, must continue to remain active and doing business during the entire duration of the foreign national’s stay in the U.S. in L-1A status. A related foreign company, which employed the foreign national outside the U.S. prior to admission, must continue to remain active and doing business during the entire duration of the foreign national’s stay in the U.S. in L-1B status.
Quota Limitations
An annual numerical limit of 65,000 (“H-1B Cap”) is in place on the number of H-1B visas that can be issued during a fiscal year.

Note: The cap only applies to new H-1B applications, and does not apply to H-1B status holders who are seeking extensions or change of employer.

There are no annual numerical limits on the number of L-1A visas that can be issued during a fiscal year. There are no annual numerical limits on the number of L-1B visas that can be issued during a fiscal year.
Labor Condition Application (LCA)
An employer must first file a Labor Condition Application (LCA) with the U.S. Department of Labor and must submit the certified LCA with the H-1B petition.

There is no LCA requirement under the L-1A visa category. There is no LCA requirement under the L-1B visa category.
Prevailing Wage
The H-1B employee must be paid the greater of the actual wage paid to others in the company with similar experience and qualifications for the specific job or the prevailing wage for the occupation in the area of employment.

There is no Prevailing Wage requirement under the L-1A visa category. There is no Prevailing Wage requirement under the L-1B visa category.
Blanket Provision
There is no Blanket Provision for H-1B. The employer must file an I-129 petition with USCIS on behalf of every foreign national proposed to be hired on H-1B.

The Blanket L provision allows employees transferring from one qualifying organization to another to bypass the USCIS I-129 petition process and proceed directly to the appropriate U.S. Embassy or Consulate abroad to apply for an L-1A visa. The Blanket L provision allows employees transferring from one qualifying organization to another to bypass the USCIS I-129 petition process and proceed directly to the appropriate U.S. Embassy or Consulate abroad to apply for an L-1B visa.
Opening a New Office
The H-1B generally applies to foreign national professionals who wish to perform services in a specialty occupation and require a U.S. employer to petition on their behalf.

A foreign company which does not have an established affiliate U.S. office may use the L-1A to send an executive or manager to the United States with the purpose of establishing one. A foreign company which does not have an established affiliate U.S. office may use the L-1B to send a specialized knowledge employee to the United States to help establish one.
USCIS Petition Fees
Form I-129 – $325 Form I-129 – $325 Form I-129 – $325
Fraud Prevention and Detection Fee – $500 (Only for initial H-1B appro val for each individual beneficiary) Fraud Prevention and Detection Fee – $500 (Only for initial L-1A approval for each individual beneficiary) Fraud Prevention and Detection Fee – $500 (Only for initial L-1B approval for each individual beneficiary)
ACWIA fee – $750 or $1500 No ACWIA fee No ACWIA fee
Public Law 111-230 fee – $2000 (Additional fee for employers who employ 50 or more individuals in the US and where more than 50% of those employees are in H-1B or L status) Public Law 111-230 fee – $2250 (Additional fee for employers who employ 50 or more individuals in the US and where more than 50% of those employees are in H-1B or L status) Public Law 111-230 fee – $2250 (Additional fee for employers who employ 50 or more individuals in the US and where more than 50% of those employees are in H-1B or L status)
Maximum Period of Stay
Total maximum period is 6 years which can be granted in no more than 3-year increments. L-1 time can count against total allowable H-1B time.

Note: If the foreign national remains outside the U.S. for one continuous year, he/she can get a new 6 years of H-1B by going through the H-1B Cap again or be eligible for 7 or 5 years in L-1A or L-1B time, respectively.

There are Limited extensions allowed beyond the 6-year maximum for certain foreign nationals who have permanent residence applications pending or approved.
Total maximum period of stay is 7 years. Generally granted for up to 3 years initially (1 year, in the case of New Office L-1) and extensions granted in 2-year increments. H-1B and L-1B time can count against total allowable L-1A time.

Note: If the foreign national remains outside the U.S. for one continuous year, he/she can get a new 7 years as an L-1A executive or manager, 5 years as an L-1B Specialized Knowledge employee or 6 years in H-1B.

Total maximum period of stays if 5 years. Generally granted for up to 3 years initially (1 year, in the case of New Office L-1) and extensions granted in 2-year increments. H-1B and L-1A time can count against total allowable L-1B time.

Note: If the foreign national remains outside the U.S. for one continuous year, he/she can get a new 5 years as an L-1B Specialized Knowledge employee, 7 years as an L-1A executive or manager or 6 years in H-1B.

Work Authorization for Spouse
A spouse of an H-1B visa holder in H-4 status may not accept employment in the U.S.

A spouse of an L-1A visa holder in L-2 status may be eligible to seek employment authorization to work in the U.S. A spouse of an L-1B visa holder in L-2 status may be eligible to seek employment authorization to work in the U.S.
The foreign national must be on the payroll of the U.S. employer. A valid employer-employee relationship must exist between the U.S. employer and the foreign national employee.

The foreign national may be on the payroll of the U.S. employer or the foreign company. The foreign national could be on the payroll of the U.S. employer or the foreign company.
Changing Employers – Portability
H-1B portability provisions allow a foreign national in H-1B status to begin working for a new H-1B employer as soon as the new employer files an H-1B petition for him or her without having to wait for USCIS approval of the petition.

A foreign national in L-1A status can work only for a qualifying member of the multinational group (parent, subsidiary, sister, branch, or affiliated company) that filed the petition. He or she will not be able to work on a new L-1 for a company that is not a qualifying member of the multinational group.

Note: A new I-129 petition must be filed if the petitioning entity changes.
A new I-129 petition does not have to be filed if the employee entered on a Blanket L-1 and the move is to another entity listed on the Blanket L.

A foreign national on L-1B status can work only for a qualifying member of the multinational group (parent, subsidiary, sister, branch, or affiliated company) that filed the petition. He or she will not be able to work on a new L-1 for a company that is not a qualifying member of the multinational group.

Note: A new I-129 petition must be filed if the petitioning entity changes.
A new I-129 petition does not have to be filed if the employee entered on a Blanket L-1 and the move is to another entity listed on the Blanket L.

Work Visa to Green Card
Most H-1B visa holders would need a labor certification filed on their behalf through the Department of Labor to be eligible for the Green Card.

Note: Once the Green Card process is initiated, an H-1B visa holder may be able to extend their stay in U.S. beyond the sixth year if the labor certification or I-140 has been pending for at least 365 days or an approved I-140 is retrogressed.

L-1A visa holders may be able to apply for an expedited Green Card in the EB-1C category without going through the Labor Certification process.
Most L-1B visa holders would need a labor certification filed on their behalf through the Department of Labor to be eligible for the Green Card.

An L-1B visa holder may be eligible for an expedited green card in the EB-1C category if he or she was in a managerial or executive role before coming to the U.S. and is being sponsored permanently for an executive or managerial position.


While both the H-1B and the L-1 are nonimmigrant work visa categories, their features and requirements vastly differ. Therefore, identifying the right visa category to suit the employer’s intended purpose may require a comprehensive review of circumstances and situations of the parties involved.

After careful consideration and detailed discussions with immigration experts, Martin decided that the company should bring the foreign national back into the company through the H-1B process. Since the candidate was already in H-1B status and could benefit from portability and his offered salary was well above the prevailing wage, the H-1B process would most likely be the faster and more straightforward of the two visa processes.

Contact VisaPro if you need any assistance in understanding which visa category is most suitable for you and your requirement. Our experienced attorneys have extensive experience in handling work visa cases under varying circumstances and situations, and will be happy to assist you.

source: http://www.visapro.com/Immigration-Articles/?a=1938&z=48

Prior to looking for a lawyer on your own relatives and buddies prior to conducting lots of research, speak with people you rely on. This will help to you together with time.

Don’t just agree to the initial lawyer inside the phonebook. It really is essential to research your choices to make sure you obtain the best. You may discover that you choose the improper conclusion and legal representative up burning off your case.

Ask each and every legal representative you interview. Once you consult with the legal professional on the phone or in particular person, they must be capable and prepared to answer the questions you ask them.They are responsible for making you feel at ease using them. Should you be not more comfortable with a particular legal professional, you must go forward and job interview another lawyer.

When selecting a lawyer, ensure you learn whatever you can with regards to their standing.

Speak to folks you rely on about choosing a excellent legal representative. This helps you and lowers your projects.

You shouldn’t be unwilling of inquiring your lawyer questions you might have.A lawyer will show you what exactly they’re doing all the way.

This may totally free you against uncertainty above what expenses will be and let you to concentrate on the charge involved. This enables you to type from the finances also.

You should feel safe about the legal professional you want to work with. A high legal professional has got the right knowledge and stay friendly. Get a diverse legal professional if the one you have isn’t friendly.

If it has a lengthy time period for the information and facts being relayed for the attorney, this is usually a tip concerning how you may be treated being a consumer.

Request the lawyer with regards to their education. A great college means difficult lessons and a better degree of program to their schooling. Even though this is not a steadfast principle (work-of-the-mill educational institutions can generate amazing legal professionals), these details is very important to take into consideration.

Handling a attorney must be a thing that is useful and productive. You need to abandon by using a feeling you have somebody to help you and take care of your matter. Take what you’ve removed over on this page and you’ll find yourself a legal professional which is trustworthy.

Jun 092014

Video gaming is one thing which has truly obtained in popularity worldwide. It’s a great way to de-stress and unwind. There are actually online games for all therefore enjoyable to discover. This article has some guidelines on how to find more from the video game ideas and with fantage world.

If you’re purchasing a game for a gift idea, look into the ESRB ranking. This status will tell you age collection which is regarded suitable for the specific video game. If it is a bad acquire, it will allow you to find out.

How to Be Cool As a Non Member on Fantage
Edited by Maddie Anderson, Teresa, Harri, Ella67892 and 16 others

Your a non member on Fantage, but you wanna be a member? Parents won’t let you? Want to be cool as a non-member? Read on to find out how to do so.
Get to Level 300 on Fantage Step 11.jpg
1First of all, get friends and give stickers! Add some members, and some non-members…possibly at least 100 of each.

Be Cool As a Non Member on Fantage Step 2.jpg
2Host family tryouts, Bff tryouts, the one tryouts, etc. Shout this stuff out Downtown(better) and Uptown. BONUS-You’ll get an extra buddy…if you add the winner.
Be Cool As a Non Member on Fantage Step 3.jpg
3Host a sticker party. You can trade stickers!
Be Cool As a Non Member on Fantage Step 4.jpg
4Get a lot of clothing, boards, hair, and costumes, etc, etc. You could even gain a level!
Be Cool As a Non Member on Fantage Step 5.jpg
5Get a high level. By playing games, gaining medals…and much more!
6Be nice sweet and innocent. You’ll eventually become a fantage legend!(Means you’ll be extremely popular if done right.)
Be Cool As a Non Member on Fantage Step 7.jpg
7Don’t forget to play the games that you get gems from. (Bullseye, Staries, Candy Swap, Bubble Bug) You can only use the Rare Sapphires but you still get rare items that other nons might not have.
8Have a nice attitude. If no one likes you, forget being cool!
Be Cool As a Non Member on Fantage Step 9.jpg
9Log on and play. No one will even know you exist if you don’t play. Be sure to log on at least twice a week.
Get to Level 300 on Fantage Step 6.jpg
10Go to all the events. If you go to as many events as you can, you might get some things that other nons, who missed the event, won’t have.
Be Cool As a Non Member on Fantage Step 11.jpg
11Use the “Earn 20 eCoins” button. If you watch a lot of videos and earn a lot of eCoins then you might get enough to buy something that normally only mems can get.

Add your own method
Always be nice.
Become friends with premium members.
If your parents WILL buy eCoins, you can buy member stuff.

source: http://www.wikihow.com/Be-Cool-As-a-Non-Member-on-Fantage

Consider cover well before reloading weaponry inside a reload of the weapon in the course of game engage in. It’s less complicated to have pwned simply because they did not get sufficient include prior to reloading.You do not want this to occur to you personally!

Question employees at your favorite video game shop to propose online games for the preferences. When you have a well liked style which you perform constantly, it is simple so they can advise game titles. The clerk will usually be educated ample to guide you possibilities best for you.

The tiny download will show you no matter if your computer can do having a video game. You could always eliminate it afterward if you do not wish to acquire anything at all.

Play games with the youngsters. This can give you a deeper levels. Sharing passions with your young children is a wonderful way to obtain the dialogue running. You can also help their developmental capabilities.

Make a affordable age for kids needs to be prior to enjoying “M” (Older 17+) games. You can also set up your unit never to enjoy online games at the rating, accomplishing this on personal computers is more hard. Know about keeping track of your child’s game playing practices.

Make sure you authenticate a relevant video game’s status ahead of making little ones perform. Some online games consist of visual violence and therefore are simply for grown ups. It is actually unacceptable to permit small kids to play this sort of activity. Aggressive or otherwise unsuitable games will give youngsters nightmares in kids.

You might get some rewards from pre-purchasing a game. These types of more rewards may include specialized functions and tips which could basically be offered pre-release.

It’s easy to see there are lots of approaches to have and loosen up entertaining with a xbox game as well. You can discover a great deal and really feel triumphant when you earn! Whatever varieties of video gaming you enjoy actively playing, take advantage of the things you’ve figured out right here to assist you to have got a more top quality encounter while game playing.

Jun 052014

While seeking to rent any sort of equipment, a reasonable sum of investigation to the options available must be concluded. This can make certain that the unit is employed based on security criteria and appropriately. It is better to seek for trusted machines that’ll offer the tools hire sydney features necessary to execute all duties while seeking for cherry picker hire.

Cherry picker hire delivers a number of services-including the capability to attain new levels securely, to assist in tree eradication, and achieving people or creatures who could have become jammed in woods. There are of capabilities lots supplied in its software. In the choosing search, all things will have to fulfill particular protection specifications so that it is nonhazardous in operation.

Energy Harvesting Technology
Energy Harvesting Generator Rocker Switch Snap Switch Light Switch Module
click images to enlarge


Compact & highly efficient Energy harvesting wireless system consisting of a generator and receiver.
Network compatible wireless data transfer via RF-technology.
“Unique ID” excludes interference between RF-switches.
Several frequency bands allow global use within different applications.
Flexible “Pairing” allows the operation of several receivers with one switch (and vice versa).
Environmentally friendly – no batteries need to be changed or disposed of.
Long mechanical life (up to 1.000.000 operations).

Integrated (in existing ECU) or as a separate unit (in a housing/as a plug-in receiver PCB).
Antenna integrated or external
Interfaces: Voltage, current, bus interfaces, USB, RS232, relay output
Product Range

The product is available in the form of a “raw” energy harvesting generator, rocker switch, snap switch or light switch module.
A KNX-compatible switch Fulfilling KNX-RF 2.0 is also available.
Click the “download spec” button for a generic datasheet.
Evaluation Kits

Evaluation kits are available, offering a functional demonstration of the technology.

source: http://cherryswitches.com/energy-harvesting/

Leasing is also regarded more economical for a great number of organizations. The costs of buying equipment does not just include typical maintenance, but also the original price and are excessive. The company is likewise responsible for the training of personnel in support and its use including insurance coverage in the case of damages adding to the expenses.

In making the perfect selection browsing for a trusted and dependable rental assistance can assist. Suppliers could deliver accreditation on devices making certain it’s adheres and fully-functional to all safety limitations in sector. Corporations will also have access to modern and productive equipment that’s not compound to operate.

Be sure to acquire a quotation for the renting of pickers and make a several reviews between companies of interest. This will ensure that you re obtaining the most effective rates and greatest importance for cash. Ask the choosing support as much concerns as you can and be confident to gauge the condition of device in conditions of corrosion to make sure that it is protected for use.

Several firms also provide a free breakdown of the function of pickers for rent. Instructions’ provision means as the hiring support will offer you instructions regarding general maintenance and its use that firms helps you to save. This procedure can reduce against retaining injuries and can make certain that cost-effective features are reached.

It’s required to assess so that you are not prone to protect added bills whether the fees are inclusive while in the rental deal. Make sure that these devices and protection regulations incorporates accreditation revealing it is often maintained and meet. Research will make certain that people are protected and arrangements that are inexpensive are sought in cherry picker hire.

May 212014

It can be by no means an intelligent thought to plunge into the complex world of auto fixes. You’ll most likely get astonished at just how much you learn scrap catalytic converters prices.

You don’t constantly want a fix-person for your car has issues. There are a few things you could be fixed with ease. You will spend less by undertaking the fixes oneself if it is an easy resolve.

Catalytic converter

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Cutaway of a metal-core converter

Ceramic-core converter

The catalytic converter’s construction is as follows:

  1. The catalyst support or substrate. For automotive catalytic converters, the core is usually a ceramic monolith with a honeycomb structure. Metallic foil monoliths made of Kanthal (FeCrAl)[citation needed] are used in applications where particularly high heat resistance is required.[citation needed] Either material is designed to provide a large surface area. The cordierite ceramic substrate used in most catalytic converters was invented by Rodney BagleyIrwin Lachman and Ronald Lewis at Corning Glass, for which they were inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 2002.[1]
  2. The washcoat. A washcoat is a carrier for the catalytic materials and is used to disperse the materials over a large surface area.Aluminum oxidetitanium dioxidesilicon dioxide, or a mixture of silica and alumina can be used. The catalytic materials are suspended in the washcoat prior to applying to the core. Washcoat materials are selected to form a rough, irregular surface, which greatly increases the surface area compared to the smooth surface of the bare substrate. This in turn maximizes the catalytically active surface available to react with the engine exhaust. The coat must retain its surface area and prevent sintering of the catalytic metal particles even at high temperatures (1000 °C).[14]
  3. The catalyst itself, most often a mix of precious metalsPlatinum is the most active catalyst and is widely used, but is not suitable for all applications because of unwanted additional reactions and high cost. Palladium and rhodium are two other precious metals used. Rhodium is used as a reduction catalyst, palladium is used as an oxidation catalyst, and platinum is used both for reduction and oxidation. Ceriumironmanganese and nickel are also used, although each has limitations. Nickel is not legal for use in the European Union because of its reaction with carbon monoxide into toxic nickel tetracarbonyl.[citation needed] Copper can be used everywhere except North America,[clarification needed] where its use is illegal because of the formation of toxic dioxin .[citation 

Source: http://www.ratua.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/Catalytic_converter

Look for online physique go shopping testimonials of patronizing. This will also permit you to know how they deal with consumers and just how good they can be at fixing any issue you may deal with. This can then be used to get with a big part in the go shopping that makes you eventually opt to do your car or truck restoration operate. Be cautious about mechanics that your particular auto technician is not to get trustworthy. They will not be all that you would like these people to be should they talk with you in communities or they don’t pay attention to your queries. You must think that you can rely on them, so go elsewhere.


Prior to select a store, consult with friends and relations about where by they obtain their auto shop suggestions. All your family members may have some really good recommendations for you that will make your quest much simpler. You ought to nonetheless perform some research on the man or woman they let you know about.At the very least search for on-line critiques about the retailers they suggest. Prior to getting a auto technician, inquire about labour charges or rates. Some shops have their rates in conspicuous places, so you need to carefully go through and ask questions you may have if some thing doesn’t sound right.


You will have a directly to understand how a lot a repair will definitely cost and why you are simply being billed for your automobile fixes. Some retailers hold the fix time estimations established by suppliers. Some slight improvements could take for hours on end according the the quotations of the producer. Examination drive your automobile well before purchasing its repairs. A car dealership isn’t your only solution when vehicle maintenance are necessary.


There are lots of aspects all over the place.Get a auto mechanic your identiity comfortable with and trustworthy. Inform yourself about your automobile and placed that expertise to utilize facing a technician. Don’t let not enough details to lead you to go shattered. Make the effort for more information on your car, the typical mechanized concerns and who the respected retailers are.

May 042014

Creating a functional site that clients may visit to discover more about your business is one of the very most crucial things you will actually do on your organization. Without great service SEO, nevertheless, all of this would have been a lost work. Unless you could travel your site for the first site of search engines like google, more than 97% of internet users won’t view it.


Online marketers who’re consistently following following the latest gimmicks have definitely had more than their fair share of disappointments. Although black hat strategies in many cases are guaranteed to work for a small amount of time, these often have much more effects than rewards. Though these approaches are a great deal cheaper upfront to use, they wind up costing significantly more inside the long run.


Those who have managed to get their focus to greatly help in the storage of high-quality online information have not experienced as numerous disappointments. In reality, they happen to be ready to rebound with nominal struggle, every time major formula modifications have already been utilized. This really is simply because they have now been using the methods that create the results that search engines wish to notice.


By making it-your target to provide folks high-quality info, it is possible to cut the fees of landing a primary page ranking. You can also make sure that this occurs for your organization in an archive time period. You just need to develop and post quality material that addresses the worries that almost all individuals have. Though research calculations are continually changing, quality material can permanently remain king. After all, this is exactly what people are seeking when utilizing these platforms.


The Holy Grail Of Building Communities: Developing A Strong Sense of Community

 - Posted by  to Community Management

None of the technology released in the past five years has made us better at building communities.

It’s made it easier to build communities, but it hasn’t made us better at building communities.

In fact, much of it has proved a costly distraction that has reduced the chances of us succeeding.

We say that with confidence. We’ve crunched, munched, and otherwise stared at numbers until our eyes bleed. Technology tweaks, barring a correction for an earlier mistake, rarely have a big long-term impact upon a community’s level of growth and activity.

We’ve had organizations invest millions (the record was $2.1m) on a new community platform to revive a fading community. That’s a lot of money to waste. That’s at the ‘ people getting fired’ level of money.

There is a far better approach to making our communities more successful. It doesn’t involve big technology overhauls or spammy marketing pushes.

It’s creating a sense of community.

In this post, I’m going to outline why the sense of community is the missing piece of the community puzzle, the power of a strong sense of community, and how we can use social science to guide us.

The closest thing we have to a silver bullet

Sense of community is the idea that community is experienced (or imagined).

The only people in a community are those that believe they are, not those that have completed a registration form  in 30 seconds.

When people are really members of a community, they feel a strong psychological connection to that group.  They sacrificepart of their own identity to accept, embrace, and then defend the group identity.

Sense of community has been shown to significantly  increaseactivity, increase customer loyaltyandbuying behaviour, higher levelsofbrandadvocacyincreaseknowledgeexchange, and reduced tendency to engage in negative behaviors.

The research here is about as conclusive as the existence of gravity. This can lead to only one conclusion, that we absolutely must be developing a sense of community among our members.

It’s not a silver bullet for community professionals, but it’s the closest thing we will ever get to a silver bullet.

The problem at the moment is most community professionals completely ignore this. They don’t try to create a strong sense of community among their members. Those that do don’t understand the principles of doing so. They hop from one idea to the next hoping each new idea will give them the sense of community explosion they crave.

Let’s change this. If we want to immediately be much better at building communities, let’s master the core principles of fostering a sense of community.

The four foundations for sense of community were highlighted in a landmark article published David McMillan and David Chavis in 1986. These are:

1) Membership

2) Influence

3) Integration and fulfilment of needs

4) Shared emotional connections

Membership is the feeling that an individual has a right to belong in the community and can identify other members who also have the right to belong in a community. It comprises four attributes:

1) Boundaries

2) Emotional safety

3) Personal investment

4) A common symbol system.

You can intentionally add (or manipulate) each attribute to your community.

1) Boundaries

Boundaries separate insiders from outsiders. Boundaries are what separate your community from mainstream society. They allow members to be themselves and emotionally open to the group.

Boundaries can be real (think gated communities) or imagined (common experience). They can include rituals and traditions. The higher the boundary, the stronger the sense of community.

The easiest way to increase the sense of community is to raise the boundary to being an accepted member of the community. This usually means developing a more narrow focus for the community. We can use Ramit Sethi’s two-qualifier method here.

The best communities are those for x who do y. Where x and y are demographic, habits, or psychographic variables (who we are, what we do/have done/can do, and what we think/feel). See the table below:

You need to pick at least two.

If you have an existing community and want a stronger community, simply add another boundary to the focus of the community.

This is why smaller communities typically have a stronger community (and more active membership) than the larger behemoths. If we look at the different types of community, we see a LARGE number of communities with multiple qualifiers.

The RockAndRoll tribe is a community for middle-aged (demographics) people who love rock and roll (psychographics). Not for those that love rock and roll, not for those middle-aged, but a very specific group that feel a strong sense of community with one another.

Below,  BackPacking Light is for travellers (habits) who want to have the lightest possible backpacks (psychographics). This crowd completely geek out on shaving a few grams off their backpacks.

If you have an existing community, it’s quite easy to increase the sense of community by adding a common shared goal to the group and making this goal explicit.

Most communities, especially those created by organizations, are aimless. Ask 10 members what they want to achieve in the future or what they fear and add that as a boundary. E.g. ” This is a community for HR professionals who want to embrace collaborative learning. ”

If that’s not possible, look at age, location, or experience factors. If say only people with five years’ experience in the field can join, everyone with 5+ years of experience will want to join. That’s powerful.

The community for StudentDoctors, for example, might not look like much – but it hosts almost 15m posts from 419,224 members. That makes it more popular than almost any community for doctors. This group has common goals, experiences, and shared connections with one another.

Our own community, CommunityGeek, only accepts community professionals with a strong track record in the social sciences. It’s the two qualifiers that ensure we feel a strong connection to one another.

We can also embrace a process known as boundary maintenance in communities. This is a process by which boundaries are made more visible and reinforced by references to it and, most importantly, rituals and traditions.

In college groups, this used to be the reason behind hazing. Sadly, this isn’t something we can do in our communities. However, we have a ritual we make new members go through. We usually ask them to share their biggest mistakes.

This is a powerful discussion for three reasons. It’s usually funny and interesting to new members, most people can identify with the mistakes, and it makes people emotionally open to the group.

It’s also a discussion that almost anyone can participate in. Guide people towards these discussions as opposed to the generic and tedious introduce yourself discussion. Make the introduction process fun and part of a ritual your community uses.

Alternatively, use an experience-based discussion. For example, BaristaExchange, below, asks members to share how they learned to roast. You can adapt this to any community you’re working on:

How/where did you learn to x?

When did you become interested in y?


2) Emotional safety

Communities should be a place where we can talk about things that we can’t talk about anywhere else. Sometimes that is a ferocious 40,000 word debate about whether to capitalize the I in Star Trek: iInto Darkness. Usually it’s about discussing the geekiest or more hardcore topics.

There aren’t many places you can discuss current detection an a Allegro ACS756 on an ATmega328. Luckily, the terrific Element14 community (by Premier Farnell) is one of them.

You should push your community to discussing the things they can’t discuss anywhere else. It might be being frustrated at how difficult it is to lose weight with diabetes.

Communities should be a place where feel comfortable discussing the most difficult, geekiest, or most hardcore topics in our space. Very often, this means you need to initiate exactly these sorts of discussions.

Some communities, like GAIA Online really want to discuss who would win in a fight between Kirk and Spock. This gives them a feeling of emotional safety within the group. It leads to strange sounding posts like these:

Make sure your community is the place to discuss the geekiest and most emotive topics in your sector.

3) Personal investment

Members want to work to feel they have earned their place in the group. The more they have invested their time, resources, energy, emotions into the community they more they will continue to participate to avoid cognitive dissonance.

The more we have invested into the success of the community, the more we feel a connection to that group. The challenge is provide people easy, but meaningful, methods of investing in the group at the beginning. We want to work to fit in and be accepted.

There are a few simple tactics you can apply here. One is to turn your community’s registration form into an application form. This is a nifty act of psychological ju-jitsu. The community becomes a place that you can join to a place that you might be able to join if you’re good enough. People that apply are far more likely to participate. We use this in CommunityGeek.

Another simple tactic shown above is priming members to be in the participation mindset when they join.

We ask new members what they can offer the community when they join the group. This forces them to think what skills and experiences they have and how they could contribute them. Once they are approved (if they are accepted), they know what they can do. They know what investments they can make in the community. They also feel they haveearned their place in the community, as per above.

Don’t send your newcomers aimlessly into the group. Guide them towards positive actions they will convert them into regular members. Josh Elman’s talk at the HabitSummit is worth watching here (skip to 20 minutes in).

The most highly converting action we know of are self-disclosure discussions. These are bonding-orientated self-discussions where we reveal information about our experiences, our thoughts/opinions on different topics, or information about who we are.

These discussions make people feel  a stronger sense of connection to the group, especially a virtual group.

The BaristaExchange example above is a good idea here. Some types of discussions tend to work in all sectors. For example:

  • How did you first become interested in topic?
  • What was your biggest success in topic?
  • What was your worst mistake in topic?
  • Who do you most admire in topic?
  • Show off your best topic-related thing

Feel free to use your own. The goal is to guide a member to participate in this discussion within the first few minutes of registering for the community.

You need to indoctrinate them into the social aspect of the community. Guide members to participate in exactly these sorts of discussions via your post-registration page, confirmation/welcome e-mail, autoresponders, and in any personal messages to newcomers.

Update and rotate the discussion on a regular basis to keep it fresh.

Once someone participates they’re more likely to visit again to see the response to their contribution. They get caught up in the notification cycle of visiting, contributing, being notified of a response, and visiting again.

Via this process they also become socialized into the community. They get to know the other members.

The community membership lifecycle is fickle; you need to offer members the opportunity to make the right investments at the right time. These investments gradually build up until a member becomes a regular participant in your community and feels a strong sense of connection to the group.

4) Common symbol system

A big problem facing branded communities is the community feels like an inauthentic marketing attempt to peddle whatever the organization is selling this month.

You get companies initiating conversations like this:

I don’t know “MB_Melissa”.

She might genuinely be looking forward to hearing what you think.

She might be on the edge of her seat, refreshing the page constantly in anticipation of the impending eruption of responses. But I doubt it.

I’ve never seen a member initiate a discussion using the phrase “Product Discussion“. Those very words conjure negative connotations. The body of the content will make members cringe. The half-hearted and unnatural segue into a discussion feels repulsive.

Inauthentic symbols undermine any possible sense of community. The only way to overcome this is by bringing common symbol systems into the community.

You need to identify the words, images, ideas, and signs that have a unique meaning to community members and spread them liberally throughout your community.

This means mentioning them in content, naming the community after them (e.g. Element14 is quite literally a symbol here), and naming parts of the community after them. I don’t know much about the  Coconut Monkeyhead Fun Club, but it’s very popular in Carnival’s terrific community.

Talk to members of the target audience and pay special attention to the expressions they use which have a unique meaning to them but not to outsiders. Then use these symbols throughout the community.

This also means replicating their tone of voice and language style. That can be difficult for many organizations to accept. This is why communities initiated by amateurs are far more successful than those initiated by people paid to develop them on behalf of organizations.

Action points:

  • Raise the boundary to being an accepted member of the community.
  • Encourage more personal investments of time, energy, emotions, and resources.
  • Introduce a ritual to the newcomer process.
  • Introduce shared symbols to the community content (and name)

People only participate in a community if they feel they can influence the community. Notice the word feel in that sentence. Not everyone will be able to influence the community, but everyone needs to feel they could influence the community.

A big mistake of branded communities is they don’t offer members enough influence. We have efficacy needs to satisfy. To create this feeling we need to do two things.

First, we need to create plenty of opportunities for members to have influence.

Second, we need to amplify the influence that members do have.

Creating opportunities for influence

Communities should provide members keen to be more involved with a simple process of becoming more involved. If members want to write a regular column, help run areas of the site, interview experts, organize events, approve and welcome new members or lend their expertise, the community should have a place where they can do that.

You can also interview the key members in the community that aren’t putting themselves forward but would benefit from the influence they then receive.

Feature contributions. Prominently feature the contributions of members on the community platform. If a member makes a great contribution, mention it in a news article and encourage the member to write a column based upon the topic.

Write about your members. Use your content to write what members are doing. Talk about their milestones. It might be a work achievement, a topic-related success or even a lifestyle success. If a member is getting married or has a child, is climbing a mountain congratulate them. Profile members that are doing interesting things.

Promote existing expertise. Find members who are already experts in a niche topic within your field and invite them to have their own Ask Me areas in the community.

This both encourages the existing members to participate more, shows other members that they too could have their own ask me area, and gives other members a reliable source of expertise on a particular topic.

Or, if you have high-profile people in your sector, Reddit’s AMA (ask me anything) is an alternative approach that is usually entertaining and helps bond the community into a group.

Just be careful that the interviewee fully understands the concept.

Once people have had an influence, amplify and showcase the influence to the rest of the community. Write case studies, add it to your community’s epic community history, and mention it in your news posts and your newsletters. Shine as big a spotlight on the influence members have had as possible.

The needs of the community and the individual need to align in a manner that’s beneficial to both. Too many communities focus on pumping out endless content. This attracts a lot of people to read, but not to participate.

This doesn’t satisfy our needs to be a part of a group with a strong identity.

We want to join groups that make us better than we are today. We want to associate with the best, brightest, smartest, or otherwise most valued people in our sector. We want to feel they have the same-shared values as we do.

Status of being a member

Being an accepted member should be a status symbol that members can embrace. You need to raise the profile of the community outside of the platform. Make sure it gets featured in relevant media. Set goals for the community to achieve, and achieve them. The more you raise the profile of your community, the more members want to join.

People do not join communities they don’t feel will succeed. If your community looks quiet/empty, you need to remove the dead areas of the site set small milestones the community can achieve early on. Concentrate activity in as small an area as possible so the community feels active.

In CommunityGeek, we have no forum categories at all. All the activity takes place on the landing page of the community. This makes the community feel very active very early on.

If your community is highly active, then show off this high level of activity. Highlight the quantity and quality of comments in the community. Make people they are participating in something they has momentum and is successful.

The frontpage of FetLife, a community for people with alternative sexual lifestyles (NSFW), posts the numbers to all members on the landing page of community along with testimonials about the site.


You need to attract and retain talented and knowledgeable members.

People want to be in a community with the best and brightest. You need to attract them (appeal to their ego – weekly columns, interviews etc…) and keep them engaged in the community. You need to ensure your community is the best fountain of knowledge for your topic in your industry.

The best method of attracting key figures is to appeal to their ego. Interview them, write about them in news posts, feature their work, create community awards you can give them, or rank.

Alternatively, make the community exclusive and only for the best people in the topic. All the best people in the topic will want to join (but pretend they don’t care about it).

Shared values

Members have to feel that fellow members share the same values. One method of doing that is creating a constitution or purpose statement for the community (mission statement has negative connotations). This outlines why the community exists, what the community believes in, and what the community intends to achieve.

You can send this out to all new members when they join the community to begin indoctrinating them into the culture of the community.

Overcoming Bias, for example, posts the following statement:

This highlights to newcomers why this site exists and the purpose it serves its members. Your community should do the same. It’s usually best to base the community around one of BJ Fogg’s motivations[xlv]. It should be based around pleasure, reducing pain, hope for a change in the world, reducing fear of something bad happening, social inclusion, or avoiding social exclusion.

The communities with the strongest sense of community oscillate at the same emotional frequency. They are happy, sad, and angry at the same things at the same time. Developing this shared emotional connection is difficult.

A shared emotional connection comprises of several elements. These include regular contact, good quality of interactions, shared experiences, shared history, and emotional openness.

Ensure regular contact

The more people interact, the more likely they will like each other. This is based upon the  mere exposure effect. The more we are exposed to something, the more we like it. In the contact hypothesis, the more frequently we come into contact with other people, the more likely we are to like them.

Your members need to regularly interact with each other. Don’t wait for these interactions to happen, proactively do things that drive these interactions.

Initiate regular weekly online discussions. Have live discussion topics around different issues, interview VIPs in your sector live, organize online and offline challenges or quizzes. Make sure your members are interacting with each other as frequently as possible.

Make the interactions meaningful

The interactions have to be meaningful. Exchanging information is fine, but limited. Introducing and highlighting (via sticky threads etc…) bonding-related or status-jockeying discussions will improve the quality to discussions.

Don’t try to overly control what members want to talk about or force members to talk about the topics you want to see more of. Let members lead the discussion and see where it goes. At the British Medical Journal’s Doc2Doccommunity, we found most doctors didn’t want to spend their spare time sharing medical advice. In fact, they want to debate ethical dilemmas.

The most popular ever discussion was this one below; was it wrong to use medical care to track down Osama Bin Laden?

This means you need to allow off-topic discussions. If members can only ever talk about the topic, they will never get to know each other personally. If they can’t personally get to know more about each other (or even remember previous contributions of members), they’ll never feel a strong sense of community with that group.

This is why it’s common for the off-topic discussions to be the most popular discussions in the majority of communities. People want to connect and get to know more about each other. Don’t shut these down.

Shared history

Ensure your community has an epic and explicit history. Write it down. Talk about the major events and activities that have taken place within the community. Make sure all newcomers understand the narrative of the community their joining and their place within it.

Nostalgia is good here too. Subtle reminders to positive events which have taken place in the past reinforce the community identity.

Provoke emotional discussions

A final tactic is to introduce more emotionally provocative discussions. Members are likely to feel the same way about the same things at the same time.

If you can provoke those discussions, members are likely to share their feelings with one another about the topic.

If you begin introducing the above elements into your community, you should begin to notice members feeling more familiar, the tone and the language chances, and the overall sense of community begin to develop.

Measuring the sense of community

Measuring something as intangible as the sense of community is difficult. It doesn’t show up in Google Analytics. You have to survey a sample of members using the sense of community index (SCI-2) developed by David Chavis atCommunityScience.com.

Don’t invite all members to compete the survey. This will lead to a non-response bias. Those most likely to feel a strong sense of community are also those most likely to complete the survey. You need to segment your community in four groups and obtain a sample from each group which broadly represents the community.

We do this every quarter with some of our client communities. Here is an example:

This is an example of an average sense of community result for a former client.

However this only paints a broad picture of what happened in the community. The index allows us to identify which aspects of the sense of community are present and which need further development.

Here you see that the sense of community was initially low within this client’s community. We decided to tackle one aspect at a time and improve that. In this case, we chose influence. We decided to give members as many opportunities to feel influential within the group.

This means we sub-divided the community into smaller groups, we increased the number of interviews, we created opportunities for members to interview one another, and we began mentioning the names of members in every single news post we published in the community.

The level of influence rose immediately. Next we would tackle the shared emotional connection with positive (although not quite as impressive) effects. The power of this index is in identifying specifically what you can improve and then using the tactics above to improve it.

Do you want a community that lasts for 30 years?

Last year, I had the opportunity to meet John Coates. Most people haven’t heard of John; he’s the world’s first ever online community manager. He was the community manager of The WELL – the first online community. The WELL was founded in 1985.

When you listen to John speak, you realize that throughout the entire history of the community they have always had an incredibly strong sense of community among the group.

Developing a powerful sense of community is the most effective thing anyone managing a community can do to increase the level of growth, activity, and value over the community over the long-term.

Developing a sense of community will give you a community that lasts for years, maybe decades, instead of month.

Developing a sense of community is something each one of us is able to do among any group of people. Once you know and understand the elements above, it’s easy to use them to build any number of successful communities.

Good luck!

Source: http://www.ratua.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/sense-of-community

As display shapes get folks and smaller becoming increasingly aesthetically-concentrated, new optimization instruments are entering the playing area. Promotion videos are becoming more essential as are data- artwork along with other aesthetic resources that can be considered in a peek. Therefore, keep maintaining promotions that are reflective of these and so that you can keep informed of these alterations, online marketers should remain cognizant of the hottest ways that electronic methods are now being put to utilize along with the newest improvements in SEO engineering.

Apr 232014

Search engine optimization makes it possible to improve site exposure also to obtain the eye of more prospective customers. To be able to realize these ambitions, you have to ensure that you discover a SEO services organization with the proper qualifications. There are many of these corporations available on the market hence the following are some considerations that’ll allow you to make the best choice.


Suppliers which have been about for a couple decades in many cases are better. You will then understand that you are coping with experts which have the experience that is required. In addition, you must understand if they’re experienced in the latest trends in marketing. Pros within this field need to be updated with search-engine algorithm changes that arise regularly.


Another important qualification could be the quality of customer care. You’ll be able to assess the corporation by sending a message or contacting about the phone. The manner in which you are dealt with along with the quickness of the response should be considered. This will let you have a good notion of how they relate with their buyers.


Before picking the SEO services company that will aid you in upping your siteis ranking, you should know what former clients need to state. With client testimonials, the organization’s performance may be motivated. In the event the claims are more compared to optimistic responses, then you must attempt the next service without delay.


It is advisable to also take a look in the websites of the agency’s clients. Check to find out whether these websites are showing inside the search engine results of the required keywords. This shows the effectiveness of the executed methods to you straight. SEO companies which can be trustworthy normally have a collection of sites that they have past worked on as well as recent tasks.


How to Avoid Buying a Bad Domain – Tips From Google’s Matt Cutts

Matt Cutts

Buying a new domain can be stressful, especially when you don’t know if there is any previous bad history with the domain and Google.

Many people purchase a domain only to discover it’s been seemingly permanently banned by Google for using black hat SEO tactics, then have to jump through hoops to prove it’s all cleaned up and do a reconsideration request. And it becomes even murkier when purchasing not only a domain name but also the site content as well.

In a new webmaster help video, Google’s Matt Cutts details some things webmasters can do before purchasing a domain to prevent ranking problems later.

Start by doing a site search in Google for the name of the domain you’re buying, he said.

“If there’s no results at all for that domain, even if there’s content on the domain, that’s a pretty bad sign,” he said. “If the domain is parked, well we try to take part domains out of the results anyway so that might not indicate anything. But if you try to do site: and see zero results, that’s often a bad sign.”

You can also do a site: search on the domain name in Bing as well, so you can get a better idea. Obviously if a site is showing up in Bing, but not Google, that’s a major red flag. But you can also do a site: search in Bing and plug in typical spam keywords and see what shows up.

“Just search for the domain name, or the name of the domain minus the.com, or whatever the extension is on the end. Because you can often find a little bit about the reputation of the domain,” Cutts said.

“So were people spamming without the domain name? Were they talking about it in a bad way like, ‘This guy was sending me unsolicited email and leaving spam comments on my blog’? That’s a really good way to sort of figure out what’s going on for a site, or what it was like in the past,” he said.

Again, do a thorough search on both Google and Bing, especially if you’re looking for things like spam comments they might’ve left where those sites are now removed from the Google index.

Cutts said another good rule of thumb is to use the Internet Archive.

“So if you go to archive.org and you put in the domain name, the archive will show you what the previous versions of a site look like,” he said. “And if the site looks like it was spamming, then that’s definitely a reason to be a lot more cautious and maybe steer clear of buying that domain name because it probably means the previous owner might have dug the domain into a hole and you just have to do a lot of work even to get to level ground. So check with archive.org and see if you can find previous versions of the site, if it is auto-generated spam content that’s a really bad sign, and may be reason to avoid that domain.”

Some savvy domain sellers will disable access to archive.org by including it in the robots.txt, so in some cases it can be a red flag if a domain seller is blocking previous content from showing on the archive. However, some parked domain pages do this automatically as well.

“If you’re talking about buying the domain from somebody who currently owns it, you might ask [to] see the analytics or Webmaster Tools console to check for new messages, or screenshots or something [to] see the traffic over time because if the traffic is going OK and dropped a lot or has gone really far down, that that might be a reason to avoid the domain as well,” he said.

This type of request is definitely becoming more common, especially because of all the headaches it can take to have a successful reconsideration request, especially when you’re in the dark about what exactly has been done to it in the past. Buying a domain without knowing the history can be pretty dicey, and is something else that Cutts suggests you consider before you go and try to get the site back in Google – just how much is domain worth to you, and what are the reasons for using it.

“If despite all of that you buy the domain and you find out there’s really scuzzy stuff going on and it’s got some issues the search engines, you can do a reconsideration request,” Cutts said. “Before you do that I would consider ask yourself where you buy the domain name because you like the domain name or you buying it because of all the previous content or the links that were going to do something like that. If you’re counting on those links carrying over, you might be disappointed because the links might not carry over.”

He also suggests, when trying to start over cleanly (particularly for sites that had link spam in the past), disavowing all the links you can find point to the sites.

“And especially if the previous owner was spamming, you might consider just doing a disavow of all the links you can find on that domain name, to try to get a completely fresh start when you are ready to move forward with it,” he said.

Bottom line: it’s always “buyer beware” when you purchase a domain name and don’t know all the details about the domain’s history. But checking the archive, doing some searches in both Google and Bing, and asking the seller for specific analytics or Google Webmaster Tools data can help ensure that you’re either starting with a clean domain, or you will at least have a better idea of what you’re up against if there are problems.

From http://searchenginewatch.com/article/2341232/How-to-Avoid-Buying-a-Bad-Domain-Tips-From-Googles-Matt-Cutts



Do not hire a company that offers unrealistic guarantees. The results of searchengineoptimization don’t appear immediately. Even with the implementation of the very sophisticated methods, you’ve to wait for some weeks before discovering constructive activity in position. Any supplier that promises immediate effects cannot really be respected.


Nowadays, several organizations rely on the net to get more income and also to increase awareness about their products. This is because it gives a level playing field regardless of how big is the business. Getting your site towards the top of search engine results is achievable in case you employ a reliable SEO Sydney agency.

Apr 162014

Exactly what are your personal ideas on traveling? Do you view whatever you can about the subject and try to make your own travel plan? There are numerous resources available for example magazines, videos, books, and shows. So how can you begin with your personal plan? Try experiencing these tips to find your starting place.

This may seem like good sense, only one crucial thing to make sure of while you are traveling is the fact you’re reservations for hotels, flights, visits to attractions and monuments, etc. are correct. Make sure confirmation e-mails and make contact with customer satisfaction if anything seems amiss. You don’t want to miss your flight, an attraction, or spend a night wandering out and about because the reservation was not what and when you thought it was.

The first step is usually to pick your getaway destination. Then, research your destination. Find a map of where you will be visiting and study it for locations you plan to check out. Memorizing several of the area will assist you to navigate it simpler.

Travel throughout the off-peak seasons. Hotels and airfare tend to be a lot more expensive through the peak summer time. Also, popular destinations is really so over-crowded during the summer that it requires the enjoyment from it. If you travel inside the off-peak months you save funds on airfare and accommodations and you could avoid the crowds.

Autumn is a superb time and energy to travel through New England. This is the time the leaves start to change into their beautiful golden color. The weather conditions cools down, making air feel refreshingly crisp. You no longer have to contest with summer tourists. It is now time when you are able slow your pace of travel and only benefit from the beauty around you.

Before leaving on a trip, it is crucial to make certain that all of your documentation is up to date. Including identification for example your driver’s license and passport, any necessary immunization or medical records, and credit or bank cards. Using this method you will not run into any problems when creating purchases or in your travels regarding non-matching ID.

As you now know on how to begin crafting your own traveling plan, do you want to get started on experimenting? Are you ready to apply whatever you read to the trip? Can you start planning trips properly and smartly? When you can, then have a good time! Or even, be sure to return throughout the tips again.

 Posted by at 1:32 am